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Scientific Exploration


Infants:

Children are born with inquisitive minds and learn about their world through discovery. Scientific concepts are a natural part of every baby's life and it is never too early to expose them to scientific exploration.


Activity- Temperature Discovery

Here is a simple science experiment that can be so much fun for your baby as they learn about the concepts of hot and cold. This activity encourages your child to touch, think and explore, as well as comprehend new language. Providing your baby with an understanding of “hot” and “cold” an important safety concept, will help your baby to understand the dangers of “hot”, as well as, providing a foundational experience about temperature.


What you will need:

  • Two empty plastic bottles

  • Two plastic bowls

  • Water


What to do:

Fill a water bottle with water and place it in the freezer. Only fill it up halfway to allow for expansion to avoid it cracking and leaking in your freezer. Once frozen, remove from the freezer and give it to your baby to explore. Then introduce a bottle filled with lukewarm water to the activity. Your baby will thoroughly enjoy touching and experiencing what the different water temperatures feel like. While playing with these bottles, you can support language development with this song: "Hot, Cold"


To extend this activity, you can add food coloring to the bottles and another idea for a more tactile experience, fill one bowl with ice and another with warm water. Together, you can discover what happens when you put the ice cubes into the warm water. If your child is sitting up, this is a great activity to do while your child is sitting in a high chair. You can take a plastic garbage bag and slip it under the high chair to keep your floors dry.


Toddlers and Preschoolers:

Science isn’t just something to do in a classroom. You and your child can learn about scientific concepts anywhere. Young children are natural scientists, with a ferocious curiosity about the world around them. Scientific activities help to ignite their curiosity as they develop key life skills such as higher level thinking, focus and concentration mathematical reasoning. Each week look for a new science project that you can do with your child at home. This week we will be exploring the concept of cause and effect.


Activity- Icy Fun

Using just a bit of water, your freezer and objects from around your house your child can learn about solids, liquids and the properties of water


What you will need:

  • A plastic container or tray or tub that can contain 1-2 cups of water

  • Cup of room temperature water

  • Cup of hot water

  • Metal or wooden objects or wooden objects or small toys ( large bolts, large screws, spoons, craft sticks, small cars etc.)

  • Table salt

What to do:

Ahead of time fill your container with water and found objects and freeze overnight. The water will expand as it freezes, so leave a little space in the container.

Transfer the giant ice cube to a surface you don’t mind getting wet.

Give your child a selection of “tools” such as a spoon or toy hammer to help the ice dissolve to discover what is hidden in the ice.


As you and your child work together here are some questions you can pose:

  • Which tool works best to melt the ice?

  • What do you predict will happen when you use [any tool] on the ice?

  • What happens to the tool after you have been using it on the ice?

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